The rights of use of the video sequences lie either with MedicalGraphics – Michael Hoffmann or with the respective clients. Music: Ian Alex Mac – Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

Surgical interventions are a sequence of complex measures to be carried out precisely. Whereas classical surgery can still be depicted and explained by photo or film, it is very difficult to depict the processes of minimally invasive procedures in a comprehensible way. Another aspect is of course the acceptance of a film of a medical intervention. It is hardly conceivable to use such a film in the context of informing a patient about his upcoming procedure.

Open surgery

In this type of procedure, access is via a larger skin incision. Of course, structures and organs are only exposed as far as absolutely necessary, which may make it difficult to understand the processes. 3D animations are not subject to such restrictions, here structures can simply be hidden if it serves the understanding, other elements can simply be omitted (such as non-essential tools or the surgeon’s hands) to achieve greater didactic clarity. And of course an animation can be designed in a way that it can be used outside the medical audience (e.g. for patient information, website, presentations etc.).

Minimally invasive surgery

In minimally invasive surgery, access is through an endoscope and visualization is on a monitor. These “keyhole operations” offer a number of advantages for the patient (e.g. faster convalescence). However, the presentation of an operation is often quite difficult to understand due to the confined space and the limited perspective of the camera. In the context of an animation the important anatomical structures can be worked out. From a design and didactic point of view, an animation offers much great possibilities for visualization.

Example projects Animations of surgical procedures: